"An EPA official at a recent conference on neurotoxicity admitted: "We know the rat isn't the right model. It's like being in a bad marriage-you know you should get out but you don't because there's so much history there."
-Ingrid Newkirk, cofounder and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
engineered monkey experiments now underway at Oregon Health Sciences University
(OHSU) bear as much resemblance to bona fide medical research as a circus
sideshow does to a legitimate museum. Fall for the hype, and you'll believe
OHSU's bizarre assembly line of designer 'monkey models' will actually help cure
Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, cancer, and who knows, even male-pattern baldness.
Apparently, OHSU is undeterred by the dismal results from decades of genetic engineering
of mice, who have been inserted with human genes to study human cancers and other human
diseases. What did we learn? That treatments which may work in transgenic mice
fail in humans. Nothing relevant to treating human disease has resulted."
-Neal D. Barnard, M.D., President-Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
"Animal experimentation is not necessary. It is expensive. It is inaccurate.
It is misleading. It consumes limited resources. And further, it is detrimental
to the very species it professes to be working to help -- humankind."
-Dr.s Ray & Jean Greek, Sacred Cows and Golden Geese, 2000, p 223
"What good does it do you to test something (a vaccine) in a monkey? You find
five or six years from now that it works in the monkey, and then you test it in
humans and you realize that humans behave totally differently from monkeys, so
you've wasted five years."
-Dr. Mark Feinberg, a leading AIDS researcher, Atlanta Journal Constitution,
September 21, 1997
"Because of the
irreconcilable biological differences between animals and human beings, the
results of animal tests cannot be applied to human beings with any degree of
confidence. Dr. Ralph Heywood, past scientific director of Huntington Research
Centre (U.K.), stated at a 1989 scientific workshop held at the Ciba Foundation
that: ‘…the best guess for the correlation of adverse reactions in man and
animal toxicity data is somewhere between 5% and 25%.’ "
Menache, speaking at the 10th World Congress on Law and Medicine, held in
Jerusalem, Israel, August 29, 1994.
"There is no doubt that
the best test species for man is man. This is based on the fact that it is not
possible to extrapolate animal data directly to man, due to interspecies
variation in anatomy, physiology and biochemistry."
-Dr MacLennan and
Dr. Amos, Clinical Sciences Research Ltd., UK, Cosmetics and Toiletries
Manufacturers and Suppliers, 1990; XVII: 24
"The findings were that if you enclosed animals in a field armored vehicle and
set off an explosion inside, that the ear drum and the middle ear mechanism may
be damaged...More valid information regarding sound pressure levels presented
to the middle ear could have been much more easily obtained by the use of a
Kemar mannequin placed in the appropriate position in the vehicle."
-J. William Wright III,
M.D., The Ear Institute of Indiana, October, 1990
"Ever since the days of
Galen, who put back the study of anatomy several hundred years by basing his
conclusions on his experience dissecting pigs, practicing doctors have been
aware that animals are so different from humans –anatomically and
physiologically-that the results obtained from experiments on animals are
pointless. Only really second rate scientists still believe that such
experiments are worthwhile. But, sadly, the scientists who use animal are just
that-universally second rate. We suffer from different diseases and we respond
in different ways to drugs. Using animals to ‘try out’ products intended for
humans is at best useless and at worst-as with Thalidomide-dangerously
-Dr. Vernon Coleman, M.D. one of Britain’s most
popular medical journalists and TV personality, from a speech he submitted to
ILDAV to be delivered at the International Scientific Conference held at the
Mutualite in Paris on June 19, 1989
"There are, in fact,
only two categories of doctors and scientists who are not opposed to
vivisection: those who don’t know enough about it, and those who make money from
-Dr. Werner Hartinger, M.D., German surgeon,
"I would like to talk
about what can be done with clinical research and why clinical research can not
only be much more successful than any animal research but how it can be done
-Henry Heimlich, M.D., from the "Proceedings
of the First International Medical Conference Against Vivisection", Israel,
"Why am I against
vivisection? The most important reason is because it's bad science, producing a
lot of misleading and confusing data which pose hazards to human health. It's
also a waste of taxpayer's dollars to take healthy animals and artificially and
violently induce diseases in them that they normally wouldn't get, or which
occur in different form, when we already have the sick people who can be studied
while they're being treated."
- Dr. Roy
Kupsinel, M.D., 1988, medical magazine editor, USA.
"Our addiction to
animal research provides us with faulty information about AIDS and drugs
intended for humans, who differ physiologically from other species."
-Laurence E. Badgley, M.D., July 1988, in his
forward to AIDS, Inc., by John Rappoport
barbaric, useless, and a hindrance to scientific progress."
-Dr. Werner Hartinger, surgeon
"Human disease occurs
as a result of a combination of factors including genetics, growth and
development, positive or negative lifestyle activities, and social and
environmental influences: These factors are profoundly dissimilar in humans and
animals. Experimental research on animals to find the causes and cures for human
ailments is pure folly- at best an appalling waste and diversion of resources
and at worst the cause of much humans suffering and disease."
-Les Stewart, D.D.S., February, 1987, Last
Chance for Animals, Tarzana, California
"I cannot recall a
single instance where my clinical judgment was even remotely influenced by the
results of a psychological study using animals as subjects or 'models.' "
-Michael Klaper, M.D.
"Not only are the
studies themselves often lacking even face value, but they also drain badly
needed funds away from patient care needs."
-Neal D. Barnard, M.D.
"Most important, I agree with your position re the utter uselessness of
vivisection. When I first left the laboratory, I remained skeptical, stating,
"there are some good experiments to be sure, but the majority are worthless", or
words to that effect. Now after years of looking for those "good" experiments, I
have long since concluded that they do not exist. But I had to do the looking
myself. I was simply too conditioned to the "Party Line" to accept anyone’s word
-Donald J. Barnes, after experimenting on
rhesus monkeys for 16 years, from a letter to Hans Ruesch of December 31, 1987
"Unfortunately these experiments will continue in a self-proliferating manner
until they are curtailed by brave and innovative decisions on the part of people
in positions of authority who have the courage to declare openly that the
emperor has no clothes and that it is time to stop wasting money and animal
lives on the pretense that manipulating several variables in rats, dogs, cats or
monkeys has anything to do with human psychology."
-Dr. Murry Cohen, M.D.
"Animal models differ from their human counterparts. Conclusions drawn from
animal research, when applied to human disease, are likely to delay progress,
mislead and do harm to the patient."
-Moneim A. Fadali, M, D., Cardiac/Thoracic
Surgeon, UCLA Faculty, Board of Directors, Royal College of Surgeons of
Cardiology, Canada, UCLA Clinical Staff, as reported in Fur ‘n Feathers, Oct.
"The growing opposition is understandable both on ethical and biological counts.
However, a certain scientistic culture says they serve to save human lives. But
reality is quite the opposite."
-Prof. Gianni Tamino, biologist, Padua
University, a Congressman in the Italian Parliament, in Gazzettino, Venice, Oct.
"Giving cancer to laboratory animals has not and will not help us to understand
the disease or to treat those persons suffering from it."
- Dr. A. Sabin, 1986,
developer of the oral polio vaccine
"The abolition of vivisection would in no way halt medical progress, just the
opposite is the case. All the sound medical knowledge of today stems from
observations carried out on human beings. No surgeon can gain the least
knowledge from experiments on animals, and all the great surgeons of the past
and of the present day are in agreement on that…Animals are completely different
from Man from the anatomical standpoint, their reactions are quite different,
their structure is different and their resistance is different."
-Prof. Dr. Bruno Fedi, in an interview with
CIVIS in Rome, January 11, 1986, At the time of the interview he was the
director of the Institute of Pathological Anatomy at the General Hospital in
"The reason why I am against animal research is because it doesn't work, it has
no scientific value and every good scientist knows that."
- Dr. Robert Mendelsohn,
M.D., 1986, Head of the Licensing Board for the State of Illinios, paediatrician
& gynaecologist for 30 years, medical columnist & best-selling author, recipient
of numerous awards for excellence in medicine.
am against vivisection because it is immoral and completely useless for the
progress of human medicine. Animals have a physiology and reactions quite
different from ours. I am of the opinion that all experiments on live animals
should be abolished because they only lead us into error."
-Dr. Marie-Louise Griboval, Paris France
"The wellbeing of man takes first place in the ladder of human values. Today, in
1986, after years of practice as a physician, I am convinced that any result I
might obtain from experimentations on a dog, a cat, or any other animal, will be
misleading, damaging and even disastrous for human beings. There is no question
of any advantage to be gained at all.
Animal experiments confuse the issues and their results will never have
scientific precision. There is absolutely no connection between vivisection and
human health. The general belief in the value of animal experimentation is the
result of brainwashing that the public has been submitted to for a long time.
Behind it are the pharmaceutical industries, which spend fortunes on publicity
and finance the research in institutes and the universities."
-Dr. Arie Brecher, M.D., extract from a lecture
to the Medical and Juridical Society at the Hotel Dan-Panorama of Haifa in
Israel on November 1, 1986.
"Everyone should know that most cancer research is largely a fraud, and that the
major cancer research organizations are derelict in their duties to the people
who support them."
-Linus Pauling, PHD, two time Nobel Prize
"It could be argued that this (cancer research) is a field of research which has
consumed an enormous number of animals without any tangible result."
-Professor D.H. Smyth, Alternatives to
"From an animal one can get only a very approximate indication of how a human
will react under similar circumstances. But this is not science-it’s a lottery.
However, we are not playing games. At stake are health and life. There is
absolutely no connection between vivisection and human health. The day it was
decided to develop medicaments using animal models, it was a sad day for
mankind. People began to get sick and to die due to medications."
-Dr. Arie Brecher, M.D., the Israeli physician,
held on August 12, 1986 at Tel Aviv
have been in medical practice for 38 years. I have never done any animal
experiments, neither during my studies nor subsequently, and have also never
been inside an animal laboratory. Animal experimentation represents a fallacious
practice. I cannot name one single case in which experiments on animals may have
led to a useful result. I think vivisection is a crude, archaic method which
must be completely reconsidered. I am convinced that we are approaching a quite
differently conceived form of research method, based on cell cultures."
-John A. McDougall, M.D., article, "The
Misguided War on Cancer" in the Vegetarian Times, September 1986
"The statement that the prohibition of animal experiments would result in a
deterioration of medical care and knowledge is not tenable, and quite clearly a
view with overtones of self-interest…"
-Dr Werner Hartinger, Specialist in General and
Accident Surgery, practitioner for the Industrial Injuries Insurance Institutes,
with 25 years’ experience at the hospital and in private practice, in an
interview with CIVIS, April 29, 1986
"The facts continue multiplying that refute the barbaric practice of animal
experimentation in the name of human health and longevity. Yet the efforts by
the medical establishment to justify this practice continue unabated…The medical
establishment threatens us with dire consequences if animal experimentation is
stopped. This is a shame, a weapon being used to ensure continued funding to the
tune of $6 billion a year by the National Institute of Health and Mental Health
to the nation’s universities."
-Murray J. Cohen, M.D., in the Chicago Tribune,
April 8, 1986
"The question was, can we give up animal experiments without halting medical
progress? My answer is that not only one can, but that one must give up animal
experiments not to halt medical progress. Today’s rebellion against vivisection
is no longer based on animal welfare…But we have now become convinced that we
should put an end to animal experimentation not out of consideration for
animals, but out of consideration for human beings. I won’t speak now of the
pharmacological disasters due to animal experiments, that would be too simple.
I mean the constant, daily harm caused to medical science by the belief in the
validity of animal tests.
Pietro Croce, M.D., in an interview with CIVIS, Jan 11, 1986
"It would be very difficult to find anything that could be more misleading for
biomedical research than animal experimentation."
Pietro Croce, M.D., Vivisezione o Scienza, (Vivisection or Science- a
"As a researcher I am
involved with mutagenesis and cancerogenesis, two areas in which experimentation
is fundamentally indispensable. I therefore know what I am talking about. And I
say ‘no’ to vivisection…above all on scientific grounds. It has been proved that
the results of research with animals are in no case valid for man. There is a
law of Nature in relation to metabolism, according to which a biochemical
reaction that one has established in one species only applies to that species,
and not to any other. Two closely related species, like the mouse and the rat,
often react entirely differently…"
-Gianni Tamino, Italian parliamentarian, researcher at the University of Padua,
agencies or polluting corporations want to cover up an environmental hazard,
they can always find and animal study to "prove" their claim."
-Dr.Irwin Bross, 1983
"As regards animal
experiments in medicine, I answer as a doctor with a clear NO. Not only do
animal experiments not have to be carried out, they are totally useless and
contribute nothing whatever to so-called progress in medicine. For a result
obtained in a series of experiments on a sick cat (or are laboratory animals or
cats with electrodes implanted in their brains supposed to be healthy?) cannot
for one minute be applied to the corresponding healthy animal, and much less so
-Dr. Jurg Kym, 1983
"It is the outrageous
lie of the supporters of vivisection, a lie serious in its consequences, that
animal experiments take place for the good of mankind. The opposite is the case:
animal experiments only have an alibi function for the purpose of obtaining
money, power and titles. Not one single animal experiment has ever succeeded in
prolonging or improving, let alone saving, the life of one single person."
-Dr. Heide Evers, D-7800 Freidburg, 1982
"The moral is that
animal model systems not only kill animals, they also kill humans."
-from an article in Fundamental and Applied
Toxicology, November 1982, Dr. Irwin Bross, former Director of the largest
cancer research institute in the world, the Sloan-Kettering Institute
"There are no
alternatives to animal experimentation, for one can only talk of alternatives if
these replace something of the same worth; and there is nothing quite as
useless, misleading and harmful as animal experimentation. In its stead,
however, there is a "medical science", and the latter has absolutely nothing to
do with animal experimentation."
-Prof. Pietro Croce, M.D.
"For the great majority
of disease entities, the animal models either do not exist or are really very
poor. The chance is of overlooking useful drugs because they do not give a
response to the animal models commonly used "
-C. Dollery in Risk-Benefit Analysis in Drug
Research, e. Cavalla, 1981, p. 87
"The discovery of
chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of human cancer is widely heralded as
a triumph due to the use of animal models… However, there is little, if any,
factual evidence that would support these claims…Indeed, while conflicting
animal results have often delayed and hampered advances in the war on cancer,
they have never produced a single substantial advance in either the prevention
or treatment of human cancer."
-Dr. Irwin Bross, in testimony before the U.S.
"The extensive animal reproductive studies to which all new drugs are now subjected are more in the nature of a public relations exercise than a serious contribution to drug safety. Animal tests can never predict the actions of drugs on humans."
-Smithells RW: Drug teratogenicity. In Inman WH (ed): Monitoring for Drug Safety. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1980.
does not need animals any more, but should use computers. It is pointless and
even dangerous to continue following the traditional paths, for the difference
between man and animals is so great that it mostly leads us into error."
-Dr. Luigi Sprovieri, contributor to the
invention of the cardiopulmonary bypass machine in La Nazione,
Florence, Italy, October 5, 1980
experiments not only fail to contribute to the safety of medications, but they
even have the opposite effect."
-Dr. Kurt Fickentscher of the Pharmacological
Institute of the University of Bonn, Germany. Diagnosen, March 1980
"In most cases, the animal tests cannot predict what will happen when the drug is given to man. Standards for toxicology are often set by officials, such as Federal regulators, who are responding to the pressures of ill-advised but obviously well-intended legislators or consumer groups who may or may not be aware of the futility of increasing the amount of testing required when some tests often have no bearing on how man will respond to the drug. The multiplication of tests in animals, often invalid tests and possibly performed in the wrong species, can only add to the cost of drug discovery and can only limit the range of discovery. The result is not only a waste of animals but also a waste of limited scientific resource; the loss is compounded by the fact that human life will not benefit from drugs whose release is unnecessarily delayed."
-Melmon KL: The clinical pharmacologist and scientifically unsound regulations for drug development. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1976;20:125-129.
"Practically all animal
experiments are untenable on a statistical scientific basis, for they possess no
scientific validity or reliability. They merely perform an alibi for
pharmaceutical companies, who hope to protect themselves thereby."
- Herbert Stiller, M.D. &
Margot Stiller, M.D., 1976.
"In the opinion of
leading biostatisticians, it is not possible to transfer the probability
predictions from animals to humans…At present, therefore, there exists no
possibility at all of a scientifically-based prediction. In this respect, the
situation is even less favorable than in a game of chance…In our present state
of knowledge, one cannot scientifically determine the probable effect,
effectiveness or safety of medicaments when administered to human beings by
means of animal experiments. The example of the Thalidomide disaster…illustrates
this problem particularly clearly. Such a medicine-caused disaster could no more
be prevented with adequate certainty through animal experimentation today than
it could at that time."
-Prof. Dr. Herbert Hensel, Director of the
Institute of Physiology at Marburg University, 1975
"Animal tests conducted
to establish the effect of medicaments for humans are nonsense."
-Dr. Herdegg, animal experimenter presenting at
Conference on Laboratory Animals, Hanover, Germany 1972
"In the conduct of the
largest research laboratory in America for many years, I have not used an
animal. It is my earnest belief that the use of animals has been…utterly barren
of results in progressive medicine."
-E.M. Perdue, M.D., Director of Johnson’s
Pathological Laboratory in Cancer Research at the time of this quote
"In part because of
possible major differences in responses to drugs in animals and man, the
knowledge gained from studies in animals is often not pertinent to human beings,
will almost certainly be inadequate, and may even be misleading."
-Dr Arnold D. Welch, Department of
Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, in Responses in Man,
"It is nonsense to
believe that vivisectional experiments are necessary or useful for scientific
progress: circumstances of vivisection are too arbitrary to have real interest,
and the animals cannot be identical."
-Dr. Frederic Benoit, Surgeon of the Maternity
Hospital, Wassy, France, April 1, 1964
"Another basic problem
which we share as a result of the regulations and the things that prompted them
is and unscientific preoccupation with animal studies. Animal studies are done
for legal reasons and not for scientific reasons. The predictive value of such
studies for man is often meaningless-which means our research may be
-Dr. James G. Gallagher, Director of Medical
Research, Lederle Laboratories, Journal of American Medical Association, March
"It is no longer, then,
a matter of balancing the cruelty of suffering animals against the gain to
humanity spared from suffering, because that is not the choice. Animals die to
enable hundreds of new drugs to be marketed annually; but the gain is to
industry rather that mankind."
-Dr, Louis J. Vorhaus, The Saturday Evening
Post, May11, 1963
"The abolition of
vivisection would not only have the effect of enabling research workers to avoid
the pitfalls and fallacies associated with animal experimentation and the
dangers to human health and life upon the application of these results to
mankind, but would, in fact, promote in the highest degree the true progress of
-Dr. M. Beddow Baily, The Futility of
Experiments on Animals, London 1962
"I abhor vivisection.
It should at least be curbed. Better, it should be abolished. I know of no
achievement through vivisection, no scientific discovery, that could not have
been obtained without such barbarism and cruelty. The whole thing is evil."
-Dr. Charles Mayo, founder of the Mayo Clinic (New York
Daily News, Mar. 13, 1961)
"The paramount need for
a clear and documented account of past achievements arises from the prevalent
custom of those medical authorities who set out to support and defend the
practice of experimenting on living animal so far to distort historical facts as
to create the impression in the mind of the public that every single medical
diagnosis and treatment had depended for its discovery and application on
vivisection…Happily, even the briefest perusal of the available evidence shows
falsity of these claims and provides historical proof of the supreme value of
clinical observation and experiment when contrasted with the doubtful and often
misleading practice of animal experimentation."
B. Bailey, Clinical Medical Discoveries,1961
Doctors have been criticizing animal experimentation for a long
"The difficulties which
beset the licensed experimenter are many. In the first place, it is well known
that it is almost impossible, in an experimental animal, to reproduce a lesion
or a disease at all comparable to such as is found in the human subject"
-Dr. Lional Whitby, Dec. 1937 p.170
"We wish to know when
the medical profession will unite in expressing their dissatisfaction at the way
in which they are being misled by the published results of experiments on
animals in physiological and pharmacological laboratories."
-Editorial, Medical Times, April, 1937
"The teachings of
vivisection are often erroneous and act disastrously on the intelligence of
those who trust in them…Misled by experiments of incredible cruelty on
highly-developed animals, soap was denounced as a cause of cancer…"
-Medical Times, March 1932
"Like every member of
my profession, I was brought up in the belief that almost every important fact
in physiology had been obtained by vivisection and that many of our most valued
means of saving life and diminishing suffering had resulted from experiments on
the lower animals. I now know that nothing of the sort is true concerning the
art of surgery: and not only do I not believe that vivisection has helped the
surgeon one bit, but I know that it has often led him astray."
- Prof. Lawson Tait, M.D.,
1899, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (F.R.C.S.), Edinburgh & England.
Hailed as the most distinguished surgeon of his day, the originator of many of
surgery's modern techniques, and recipient of numerous awards for medical
"As a surgeon, I have
performed a very large number of operations, but I do not owe a particle of my
knowledge or skill to vivisection. I defy any member of my profession to prove
that vivisection has been of the slightest use to the progress of medical
science and therapeutics."
-Charles Clay, M.D., London Times, July
31, 1880, renowned surgical innovator, former President of the Manchester
"Experiments have never
been the means for discovery; and a survey of what has been attempted in recent
years in physiology will prove that the opening of living animals has done more
to perpetuate error than to confirm the just views taken from the study of
anatomy and natural motions."
-An Exposition of The Natural System of the
Nerves of the Human Body, London, 1824
, p. 337
The following are quotes compiled by Hans Reusch in 1000
Doctors Against Vivisection:
“How fortunate we didn’t have these animal tests in the 1940s, for
penicillin would probably never been granted a license, and possibly the whole field of antibiotics might never have been realized.”
-Alexander Fleming, 1945 Nobel Prize winner "for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases"
Anyone who has
accustomed himself to regard the life of any living creature as worthless is in
danger of arriving also at the idea of worthless human lives."
"During my medical
education at the University of Basle I found vivisection horrible barbarous and
above all unnecessary."
"For the medical
profession vivisection has been a curse, as well as a hindrance instead of an
aid towards increasing our knowledge."
-Dr. John Bowie
"I have long since been
a strong opponent of vivisection as it is an insane, superficial and
unscientific way of fighting illness. Vivisection is absolutely unnecessary and
should be abolished."
-Dr. A. Stoddard Kennedy
"I am pleased to inform
you that a steadily growing number of members of the medical profession are
entirely of the opinion that vivisection experiments on animals have not only
led to mistakes in medical practice, but are absolutely misleading in their
-Dr. F.E. Vernede
"Artificial experiments on animals under artificial conditions cannot
possibly reproduce what happens to an animal in natural conditions. Even if it
were possible to perform experiments on animals under natural conditions, how
can one reasonably deduce that the results obtained could also be applied to
-Dr. C. Muthu
"Both feeling and
reason condemn vivisection. The only way to study physiology has already often
been shown by both the doctors and the surgeons: it is by studying Man. But
the terrible custom is to continue resorting to vivisection, this ancient
procedure which has never produced a single success in 20 centuries.
Valuable time which could have been used profitably for science in other ways
has thereby been wasted. The evil, out-moded, archaic and malevolent
vivisectionist thinking must be fought."
-Dr. Foveau de Courmelles, Paris, President of
the International Society for External Medicine, medical advisor to the
Education Department of the Legion of Honour, honored by the French Academy of
"…The attempt to obtain
knowledge about physiological and pathological processes in man by vivisecting
animals is completely unscientific. All such experiments have led to extremely
confused, contradictory and consequently worthless results, in other words they
have done far more to obscure knowledge than to illuminate it."
-Dr. R.H. Perks
"I have studied the
question of vivisection for thirty five years and am convinced that experiments
on living animals are leading medicine further and further from the real cure of
the patient…I know of no instance of animal experiment that has been necessary
for the advance of medical science, still less do I know of any animal
experiment that could conceivably be necessary to save human life."
-H. Fergie Woods, M.D.